Community Support: The Role of the Federal Government

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Since the 1930s, disbursement of government support and funding for citizens in need has shifted from the federal level to various government agencies at the state level. The Federal Government provides structure and allocates funds, while state governments are largely responsible for qualifying a person in and dispersing available funds.

The state governments are held accountable for distributing funds among citizens based on guiding principles set by the Federal Government. States do have some leeway and therefore do differ on the criteria they use when dispersing funds for national programs. Some states also develop additional programs of assistance they deem necessary for their citizens.

Following are a few government agencies which have programs and services that benefit those with Cerebral Palsy.

Government Services Team

Department of Health and Human Services

  • Administration for Children and Families
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  • Department of Developmental Disabilities
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  • National Library of Medicine
  • National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
  • Office for Civil Rights
  • Office on Disability

Programs:

  • Developmental screening
  • Home and community-based services
  • Long-term care services and supports
  • Medicare
  • Medicaid
  • Private health insurance
  • Children’s health insurance
  • Caregivers
  • Health care providers

U.S. Social Security Administration

  • Children’s Special Health Services
  • Children’s Medical Services and Handicapped Children’s Program
  • Library of Congress
  • National Library Service for the Blind and Physically
  • Handicapped
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
  • U.S. National Library of Medicine

U.S. Department of Education

  • Office of Special Education Programs
  • Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Service
  • Office of Educational Research and Improvement
  • National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities
  • National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Agency

U.S. Department of Justice

  • Office for Civil Rights
  • Office on Violence Against Women
  • The Protection and Advocacy System and Client Assistance Program

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

  • Accessibility and Universal Design
  • Community Planning and Development
  • Emergency financial asssistance
  • Emergency Homeowners’ Loan Program
  • ENDependence Center
  • Designated housing vouchers
  • Federally assisted housing
  • Fair Housing/Equal Opportunity
  • Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines
  • Ginnie Mae
  • Home ownership
  • Homeless Resource Center
  • Housing locator assistance
  • Housing discrimination
  • Housing Loans
  • Low Income Housing Tax Credits
  • Office of Housing Choice Vouchers
  • Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities
  • Homelessness
  • Public Housing Agency/Public Housing Programs
  • Rental Assistance (for households with people with disabilities)
  • Subsidized housing
  • Supportive housing
  • Tax credits
  • USDA Housing Assistance – U.S. Department of Agriculture
    Vouchers

U.S. Department of Agriculture

Housing Assistance

  • USDA Housing Assistance

Food Assistance

  • Women, Infants and Children
  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
  • School Meals
  • Summer Food Service Program

U.S. Department of Labor

  • Civil Rights Center
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  • Equal Opportunity
  • Employment and Training Administration
  • Office of Disability Employment Policy
  • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management (OASAM)
  • Unemployment Benefits

Programs:

  • Americans with Disabilities Act
  • Business Leadership Network
  • Employer Assistance Referral Network
  • Employment Rights
  • Employers’ Responsibilities
  • Job accommodations
  • Job search
  • Recruitment
  • Small business and self-employment
  • Social security
  • Workforce Recruitment Program for College Students with Disabilities
  • Work Opportunity Tax Credit Program